Located at the heart of Europe and one of the most advanced countries in the world, Germany offers excellent education and a pleasant cost. The article will introduce you to what you need to know about the German higher education system, including the structure and classification of universities.


Germany has more than 380 Universities located in 175 cities. Every year, more than 2 million students pursue 15,000 undergraduate and graduate programs in Germany.

In Germany, Bachelor’s courses range from 6 to 8 semesters depending on the field of study (3 to 4 years), while Masters courses last from 2 to 4 semesters (1 to 2 years). For Ph.D. programs, as in other countries, the study period can range from 3 to 10 years.


German education is divided into 3 different types of universities:

1. Universities – Universit├Ąten

German universities have a wide range of courses spread across almost every field and focus on research and teaching. These schools often teach in the traditional direction and have many specialized options.

2. Universities of Applied Sciences – Fachhochschulen

The Universities of Applied Sciences focus more on practice and application in the learning process. Students are observed and practiced topics at businesses as well as professional departments.

These schools mainly teach IT (IT), Technology, Business Studies, Social Activities, Design, Education, Nursing, Natural Science and Applications.

3. University of Arts, Music and Cinema (Kunst-und Musikhochschulen)

These universities offer an independent learning style that promotes innovative methods of learning and research. When studying here, students may have to take their aptitude tests in their chosen field.

The subjects here will include all art forms from fine arts, fashion design, cinema, musical instruments to graphic design.